Important Sentence Correction Questions & Rules For English Grammar (2023)

cThis article will provide rules and sentence correction questions for the English language section that form a vital part of various competitive exams.

Aspirants of various Government exams such as Bank, RRB, SSC, Insurance, etc must go through the important sentence correction questions and rules provided in the article, as the English Language is an imperative component of the syllabus of these examinations.

Generally, candidates are not very comfortable with this topic as these are based on grammar rules and English is a subject in which even people proficient in the language, end up making mistakes. Hence, to master the sentence corrections it is important that candidates practise as many sentence correction questions as possible.

Sentence Correction Questions PDF:-Download PDF Here

For comprehensive preparation of various Government exams, check the links for assistance
  • Daily Current Affairs
  • Static GK
  • SSC General Awareness
  • Banking Awareness

Sentence Correction Questions Format

The format of Sentence Correction questions goes like this:

  • Candidates are given a sentence, a part of which is highlighted in bold.
  • 3 or 4 options are given from which candidates need to select the option that best goes with the sentence, in place of the highlighted text.
  • There might be questions when sentences have no error or require no correction; in that case, candidates need to select the option that says ‘No error’ ‘no improvement required’.

Check other relevant English language topics given below-

Letter Writing Format

For more English language topics discussing concepts, rules, lists and uses of General English for competitive exams, check the linked page.

Rules To Solve Sentence Corrections Questions

Rule 1: The articles a/an or the are not used with words such as (kind of, sort of, type of, etc)


Incorrect – What type of the books you like to read?

Correct – What type of booksdo you like to read?

Incorrect – What sort of an insect is that?

Correct – What sort of insect is that?

Rule 2: Sentences with words ‘each of’ ‘one of’ ‘none of’ is always followed by a plural form of the noun.



Incorrect: Each of the player performed well in the match.

Correct – Each of the players performed well in the match.

Incorrect – None of the student scored above 90% in boards.

Correct – None of the students scored above 90 % in boards.

Rule 3: The collective noun takes a plural verb when not used as a single unit.


Incorrect: The resources was divided based on its expertise

Correct: The resources were divided based on their expertise.

Rule 4: Use Present Continuous tense rather than simple present tense, when the recurring action is problematic.


Incorrect: She always hits me without any reason

Correct: She is always hitting me without any reason

Rule 5: If, in a sentence, two action clauses are to take place in the future, use simple present tense for conditional clause and simple future tense for the other clause.


Incorrect: The moment she will enter the room, we will start singing the birthday song

Correct: The moment she enters the room we will start singing the birthday song.

Rule 6: For impossible past conditions, use past perfect and for its likely results use Would+Have+ 3 form of Verb. Past perfect is used for impossible past conditions.

(Video) Session 3 | Important Sentence Corrections Tips and Tricks | different sentence correction rules


Incorrect: If Jacob would have called me. I would have picked him up from the airport.

Correct: If Jacob had called me, I would have picked him up from the airport.

This article will give fewer rules since we have already covered important rules for sentence correction or error spotting in the English language in detail for candidate assistance.

Let’s dive deep into the type of sentence correction questions asked in various competitive or government exams.

Sentence Correction Questions For Competitive Exams

The prominence of sentence correction in English language can only be understood by knowing the types of questions asked in the exams, based on it. Given below are various types of sentence correction questions that candidates encounter in the verbal ability section of competitive exams.

Directions: The sentences given below are grammatically incorrect. Pick out the best suitable option to correct the sentence.

Q.1 The employees of this company demand higher salaries for a very long period of time.

  1. The employee of this company demand higher salary for a long time.
  2. The employees of this company demands higher salary for a very long time.
  3. The employees of this company are demanding higher salaries for a long time.
  4. The employees of this company have been demanding higher salaries for a very long time.

Answer (4)

Q.2. The train is expected to arrive between 11 pm to 12 pm.

  1. The train is expecting to between by 11pm to 12pm.
  2. The train is expected to arrive between 11pm and 12pm.
  3. The train is expected to arrive between 11pm or 12pm.
  4. The train is expected for arrival between 11pm to 12pm.


Q.3. If the cab would have started on time, she would have reached office on time.

  1. If the cab would have started on time, she had reached office on time.
  2. If the cab would have started on time, she would have reached the office on time.
  3. If the cab would have been started on time, she had reached office on time.
  4. If the cab had started on time, she would have reached office on time.

Answer (4)

Q.4. The renowned Birla’s family is divided on the property.

  1. The renowned Birla family is divided on the property.
  2. The renowned Birla family is divided for the property.
  3. The renowned Birla’s family is divided into properties.
  4. The renowned Birla family divided on the property.

Answer (1)

Q.5. What kind of a car do you want?

  1. What kinds of car do you want?
  2. What kind of car do you want?
  3. What kind of a car are you wanting?
  4. What are the kinds of car you want?

Answer (2)

(Video) Sentence Correction for Job | Correction of Sentences in English Grammar | Part - 1

Q.6. Nishi said to the boy, “Can you take me home now?”

  1. Nishi asked the boy if he could take her home then.
  2. Nishi asked the boy that if he could take her to the home then
  3. Nishi asked the boy that if he would take her to home at once.
  4. Nishi asked the boy if he can take her to home then.

Answer (1)

Q.7. Select the alternative that is the best substitute of the phrase. ‘a loud, harsh, piercing cry’.

  1. howl
  2. Noise
  3. Scream
  4. Screech

Answer (4)

Q.8. The payment was collected by the hardworking salesman.

  1. The hardworking salesman collects the payment.
  2. The hardworking salesman was able to collect the payment.
  3. The hardworking salesman collected the payment.
  4. To collect the payment the salesman had to work hard.

Answer (3)

Q.9. Though very old, yet my grandfather is the complete head of the extended family.

  1. Absolute
  2. Overall
  3. Undisputed
  4. No correction

Answer (3)

Q.10. Pick the correct word for the phrase ‘Back to the drawing board’.

  1. An inventive person find fresh ways to solve a problem
  2. To solve a problem go back to the root cause
  3. An artist is always happy if he gets a chance to go back to painting
  4. An idea has been unsuccessful and that a new one must be devised

Answer (4)

Q.11. Rearrange the sentence in the correct order: This means that for(A) in poverty, rural incomes(B) have to grow at a faster rate(C) making a significant dent(D)

  1. ABCD
  2. ADBC
  3. CDBA
  4. BDAC

Answer (2)

Q.12. While expectations(A) One year after its official launch(B) ­has largely escaped political scrutiny(C) ­have been scaled down, the rhetoric(D)

  1. ABCD
  2. BADC
  3. DCAB
  4. CBDA

Answer (2)

Q.13. What is the best alternative for the phrase, ‘An achievement or something desired fail to be attained by someone’?

  1. To delude
  2. To eschew
  3. To elude
  4. To shirk

Answer (3)

Q.14. If the screen of the computer (was bright enough), it would have been easier to read from here.

(Video) Rules for Correction of Sentence in English Grammar for BA,BSc,ADP,CSS,PPSC,NTS,LLB,FA,FSc,ICOM,BCOM

  1. was any brighter
  2. was more brighter
  3. Was little brighter
  4. had been brighter

Answer (4)

Q.15. By the time she reached there, he left the place.

  1. By the time she reached there, he had leave the place.
  2. By the time she reached there, he leaved the place.
  3. By the time she reached there, he had left the place.
  4. No error

Answer (3)

Q.16. This kingdom has been belonging to us since generations.

  1. has belonged
  2. has belonging
  3. belongs
  4. Belonged

Answer (1)

Q.17. Rama told his wife, he would not mind standing and eat the dinner.

  1. Stand and eat the dinner
  2. Stand and eating the dinner
  3. Standing and eating the dinner
  4. No correction

Answer (3)

Q.18. People in villages do not have enough water, besides many people in metro cities have water even for their swimming pools.

  1. Where
  2. But
  3. And
  4. Whereas

Answer (4)

Q.19. She had invited(1) all her brothers-in-law(2) to her daughter’s engagement party(3) No error(4)

  1. 2
  2. 1
  3. 4
  4. 3

Answer (3)

Q.20. They were with daggers drawn despite attempts to understand each other.

  1. In daggers
  2. At daggers
  3. On daggers
  4. To daggers

Answer (2)

For more variation in sentence correction questions in English grammar asked in various competitive exams, check out Previous Year Question Papers PDF with Solutions.

It is important to go through the above-given sentence correction questions and the related rules for them. This will help candidates not only in the objective verbal ability section but descriptive sections as well, like reading comprehension, essay, letter writing, etc.

Sentence Correction Questions PDF:-Download PDF Here

Candidates who are preparing for the upcoming government exams must carefully refer to the detailed exam syllabus in the links given below:

(Video) English Grammar Rules | Error Spotting | Sentence Correction | IBPS PO & Clerk (Part-1)

Bank Exam SyllabusSSC SyllabusRRB Syllabus
LIC SyllabusUPSC SyllabusUPSC CAPF Syllabus

For further questions or information regarding competitive exams, study material or best books for preparation, candidates can turn to BYJU’S.


How do you answer a question in sentence correction? ›

A good clue that a sentence correction question is asking you to correct a subject-verb agreement error is that the answer choices include both singular and plural forms of the same verb. Reviewing parts of speech can help you prepare for subject-verb agreement questions.

How can I improve my sentence in English? ›

In sentence improvement questions a sentence is given with a word or phrase in bold letters or underlined. Four substitutes are given under the sentence as alternatives. The candidate has to find the error in the part that is in bold or underlined. Then find the correct answer from among the alternatives.

How do you correct an incorrect sentence? ›

Below are some of the most common English mistakes made by ESL students, in speech and in writing. Go through the examples and make sure you understand the corrections. Then try the grammar test at the end to check your progress.
50 Common Grammar Mistakes in English.
WrongShe said me that she liked you.
RightShe told me that she liked you.

What is sentence correction with examples? ›

Sentence correction or sentence improvement is a type of grammatical practice where a sentence is given with a word or a phrase that requires grammatical changes or improvement. A sentence requires modification grammatically and contextually to have a better understanding of the same.

What is error correction in grammar? ›

Error correction is a process by which students have to identify the error/mistake in a sentence and convert it into a grammatically correct sentence.

How do you correct a master sentence? ›

Our five tips for GMAT sentence correction
  1. Read and underline the errors. ...
  2. Learn the different error types. ...
  3. Read through each option. ...
  4. Make a list of idioms. ...
  5. See if you can simplify the phrase. ...
  6. Read and underline the errors. ...
  7. Learn the different error types. ...
  8. Read through each option.
Jul 8, 2020

What is a CR question? ›

Critical Reasoning (CR) questions are at the heart of what is tested on the GMAT, because CR questions directly challenge your thinking skills across a wide range of situations that require critical analysis, logical reasoning, and attention to detail.

How many sentence Correction questions are on the GMAT? ›

Sentence Correction (SC) questions are found in the 65-minute Verbal section. You should expect to encounter about 11-16 Sentence Correction questions on test day. Each SC question contains a sentence with an underlined portion that contains 0-2 errors.

What are the 7 types of sentences? ›

  • Complex Sentence.
  • Compound Sentence.
  • Compound-Complex Sentence.
  • Conditional Sentences.
  • Declarative Sentence.
  • Imperative Sentence.
  • Interrogative Sentence.
  • Simple Sentences.

What are the 4 types of sentence structures? ›

There are four types of sentences: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. Each sentence is defined by the use of independent and dependent clauses, conjunctions, and subordinators.

How speak English fluently step by step? ›

Follow these five easy steps to make your English sound more fluent starting today.
  1. Smile and breathe. No matter what your level of English, confidence is vital. ...
  2. Memorize examples with vocabulary. Don't just memorize lists of words. ...
  3. Listen to learn. ...
  4. Exercise your mouth muscles. ...
  5. Copy a native speaker.

What are the 10 most common grammar mistakes? ›

10 Most Common Grammar Mistakes to Look Out For
  • Subject-Verb Agreement Errors. ...
  • Sentence Fragments. ...
  • Misuse of Contractions and Apostrophes. ...
  • Passive Voice. ...
  • Dangling Modifiers. ...
  • Comma Splice. ...
  • Run-on Sentences. ...
  • Ending a Sentence in a Preposition.

What are the 10 common errors in English? ›

Top 10 Most Common Errors by English Learners
  • Articles. Indefinite and definite articles, “or” “a,” “an” and “the” as they are more commonly known, are difficult for even native English learners to keep straight. ...
  • Mass nouns. ...
  • Adverbs vs. ...
  • Prepositions. ...
  • SVO Word Order. ...
  • Pronouns. ...
  • 3rd Person “S” ...
  • Don't.
Dec 16, 2011

What are the types of errors in English? ›

Common English Grammar Mistakes
  • 1) Present and Past Tense. ...
  • 2) How To Avoid the Overuse of Adverbs. ...
  • 3) Your/You're. ...
  • 4) Misplacing Apostrophes. ...
  • 5) There / Their /They're. ...
  • 6) Confusing similar spellings and words. ...
  • 7) Using incomplete comparisons. ...
  • 8) Getting adjectives and adverbs confused.

What are the rules of preposition? ›

Six Preposition Rules
  • A preposition must have an object. All prepositions have objects. ...
  • pre-position means place before. ...
  • A pronoun following a preposition should be in object form. ...
  • Preposition forms. ...
  • 5. to preposition and to infinitive are not the same. ...
  • The golden preposition rule.

What are the rules in subject verb agreement? ›

Subject–Verb Agreement Rules
  • If the subject is singular, the verb must be singular too. ...
  • If the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural. ...
  • When the subject of the sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and, use a plural verb.

What are the punctuation rules? ›

13 Basic Punctuation Rules in English | Essential Writing ... - YouTube

How do you structure a sentence? ›

The two most basic parts of a sentence are the subject and predicate. The subject of a sentence is the person, place, or thing that is performing the action of the sentence. The subject represents what or whom the sentence is about.

What are the 8 types of preposition? ›

The 8 types of prepositions in English grammar with examples include prepositions of time, place, movement, manner, agent, measure, source and possession.

What is the word of in grammar? ›

Of is a preposition. Of commonly introduces prepositional phrases which are complements of nouns, creating the pattern: noun + of + noun.

Who has whom? ›

Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition. When in doubt, try this simple trick: If you can replace the word with “he”' or “'she,” use who. If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom. Who should be used to refer to the subject of a sentence.


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