Othello, Act 3, scene 3 | The Folger SHAKESPEARE (2022)

Enter Desdemona, Cassio, and Emilia.

Be thou assured, good Cassio, I will do
All my abilities in thy behalf.
Good madam, do. I warrant it grieves my husband
As if the cause were his.
5O, that’s an honest fellow! Do not doubt, Cassio,
But I will have my lord and you again
As friendly as you were.
CASSIOBounteous madam,
Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio,
10He’s never anything but your true servant.
I know ’t. I thank you. You do love my lord;
You have known him long; and be you well assured
He shall in strangeness stand no farther off
Than in a politic distance.
CASSIO15Ay, but, lady,
That policy may either last so long,
Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
That, I being absent and my place supplied,
20My general will forget my love and service.
Do not doubt that. Before Emilia here,
I give thee warrant of thy place. Assure thee,
If I do vow a friendship, I’ll perform it
To the last article. My lord shall never rest:
25I’ll watch him tame and talk him out of patience;
His bed shall seem a school, his board a shrift;
I’ll intermingle everything he does
With Cassio’s suit. Therefore be merry, Cassio,



ACT 3. SC. 3

For thy solicitor shall rather die
30Than give thy cause away.

Enter Othello and Iago.

EMILIAMadam, here comes my lord.
CASSIOMadam, I’ll take my leave.
DESDEMONAWhy, stay, and hear me speak.
Madam, not now. I am very ill at ease,
35Unfit for mine own purposes.
DESDEMONAWell, do your discretion.Cassio exits.
Ha, I like not that.
OTHELLOWhat dost thou say?
Nothing, my lord; or if—I know not what.
40Was not that Cassio parted from my wife?
Cassio, my lord? No, sure, I cannot think it
That he would steal away so guiltylike,
Seeing your coming.
OTHELLOI do believe ’twas he.
DESDEMONA45How now, my lord?
I have been talking with a suitor here,
A man that languishes in your displeasure.
OTHELLOWho is ’t you mean?
Why, your lieutenant, Cassio. Good my lord,
50If I have any grace or power to move you,
His present reconciliation take;
For if he be not one that truly loves you,
That errs in ignorance and not in cunning,
I have no judgment in an honest face.
55I prithee call him back.
OTHELLOWent he hence now?



ACT 3. SC. 3

DESDEMONAYes, faith,so humbled
That he hath left part of his grief with me
To suffer with him. Good love, call him back.
60Not now, sweet Desdemon. Some other time.
But shall ’t be shortly?
OTHELLOThe sooner, sweet, for you.
Shall ’t be tonight at supper?
OTHELLONo, not tonight.
DESDEMONA65Tomorrow dinner, then?
OTHELLOI shall not dine at home;
I meet the captains at the citadel.
Why then tomorrow night, orTuesday morn,
On Tuesday noon or night; on Wednesday morn.
70I prithee name the time, but let it not
Exceed three days. In faith, he’s penitent;
And yet his trespass, in our common reason—
Save that, they say, the wars must make example
Out of her best—is not almost a fault
75T’ incur a private check. When shall he come?
Tell me, Othello. I wonder in my soul
What you would ask me that I should deny,
Or stand so mamm’ring on? What? Michael Cassio,
That came a-wooing with you, and so many a time,
80When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,
Hath ta’en your part—to have so much to do
To bring him in! By’r Lady,I could do much—
Prithee, no more. Let him come when he will;
I will deny thee nothing.
DESDEMONA85Why, this is not a boon!
’Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves,
Or feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm,



ACT 3. SC. 3

Or sue to you to do a peculiar profit
To your own person. Nay, when I have a suit
90Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed,
It shall be full of poise and difficult weight,
And fearful to be granted.
OTHELLOI will deny thee nothing!
Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this,
95To leave me but a little to myself.
Shall I deny you? No. Farewell, my lord.
Farewell, my Desdemona. I’ll come to thee straight.
Emilia, come.—Be as your fancies teach you.
Whate’er you be, I am obedient.
Desdemonaand Emiliaexit.
100Excellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul
But I do love thee! And when I love thee not,
Chaos is come again.
IAGOMy noble lord—
What dost thou say, Iago?
IAGO105Did Michael Cassio,
When youwooed my lady, know of your love?
He did, from first to last. Why dost thou ask?
But for a satisfaction of my thought,
No further harm.
OTHELLO110Why of thy thought, Iago?
I did not think he had been acquainted with her.
O yes, and went between us very oft.

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ACT 3. SC. 3

Indeed? Ay, indeed! Discern’st thou aught in that?
115Is he not honest?
IAGOHonest, my lord?
OTHELLOHonest—ay, honest.
My lord, for aught I know.
OTHELLOWhat dost thou think?
IAGO120Think, my lord?
“Think, my lord?” Byheaven,thou echo’st me
As if there were some monster in thy thought
Too hideous to be shown. Thou dost mean
125I heard thee say even now, thou lik’st not that,
When Cassio left my wife. What didst not like?
And when I told thee he was of my counsel
Inmy whole course of wooing, thou cried’st
130And didst contract and purse thy brow together
As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brain
Some horrible conceit. If thou dost love me,
Show me thy thought.
IAGOMy lord, you know I love you.
OTHELLO135I think thou dost;
And for I know thou ’rt full of love and honesty
And weigh’st thy words before thou giv’st them
Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more.
140For such things in a false, disloyal knave
Are tricks of custom; but in a man that’s just,
They’re close dilations working from the heart
That passion cannot rule.
IAGOFor Michael Cassio,
145I dare be sworn I think that he is honest.
I think so too.



ACT 3. SC. 3

IAGOMen should be what they seem;
Or those that be not, would they might seem none!
OTHELLOCertain, men should be what they seem.
150Why then, I think Cassio’s an honest man.
OTHELLONay, yet there’s more in this.
I prithee speak to me as to thy thinkings,
As thou dost ruminate, and give thy worst of
155The worst of words.
IAGOGood my lord, pardon me.
Though I am bound to every act of duty,
I am not bound to thatall slaves are free to.
Utter my thoughts? Why, say they are vile and
As where’s that palace whereinto foul things
Sometimes intrude not? Who has that breast so
Butsomeuncleanly apprehensions
165Keep leets and law days and in sessions sit
With meditations lawful?
Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,
If thou but think’st him wronged and mak’st his ear
A stranger to thy thoughts.
IAGO170I do beseech you,
Though I perchance am vicious in my guess—
As, I confess, it is my nature’s plague
To spy into abuses, and oftmy jealousy
Shapes faults that are not—that your wisdom
175From one that so imperfectly conceits
Would take no notice, nor build yourself a trouble
Out of his scattering and unsure observance.
It were not for your quiet nor your good,
Nor for my manhood, honesty, and wisdom,
180To let you know my thoughts.

OTHELLOWhat dost thou mean?
Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,
Is the immediate jewel of their souls.
Who steals my purse steals trash. ’Tis something,
’Twas mine, ’tis his, and has been slave to
But he that filches from me my good name
Robs me of that which not enriches him
190And makes me poor indeed.
OTHELLOByheaven,I’ll know thy thoughts.
You cannot, if my heart were in your hand,
Nor shall not, whilst ’tis in my custody.
IAGO195O, beware, my lord, of jealousy!
It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock
The meat it feeds on. That cuckold lives in bliss
Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;
But O, what damnèd minutes tells he o’er
200Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet stronglyloves!
OTHELLOO misery!
Poor and content is rich, and rich enough;
But riches fineless is as poor as winter
To him that ever fears he shall be poor.
205Good God,the souls of all my tribe defend
From jealousy!
OTHELLOWhy, why is this?
Think’st thou I’d make a life of jealousy,
To follow still the changes of the moon
210With fresh suspicions? No. To be once in doubt
Is onceto be resolved. Exchange me for a goat
When I shall turn the business of my soul



ACT 3. SC. 3

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To such exsufflicate and blownsurmises,
Matching thy inference. ’Tis not to make me jealous
215To say my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company,
Is free of speech, sings, plays, and dances well.
Where virtue is, these are more virtuous.
Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw
The smallest fear or doubt of her revolt,
220For she had eyes, and chose me. No, Iago,
I’ll see before I doubt; when I doubt, prove;
And on the proof, there is no more but this:
Away at once with love or jealousy.
I am glad of this, for now I shall have reason
225To show the love and duty that I bear you
With franker spirit. Therefore, as I am bound,
Receive it from me. I speak not yet of proof.
Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio;
Wear your eyes thus, not jealous nor secure.
230I would not have your free and noble nature,
Out of self-bounty, be abused. Look to ’t.
I know our country disposition well.
In Venice they do let Godsee the pranks
They dare not show their husbands. Their best
Is not to leave ’t undone, but keep’tunknown.
OTHELLODost thou say so?
She did deceive her father, marrying you,
And when she seemed to shake and fear your looks,
240She loved them most.
OTHELLOAnd so she did.
IAGOWhy, go to, then!
She that, so young, could give out such a seeming,
To seel her father’s eyes up close as oak,
245He thought ’twas witchcraft! But I am much to



ACT 3. SC. 3

I humbly do beseech you of your pardon
For too much loving you.
OTHELLOI am bound to thee forever.
250I see this hath a little dashed your spirits.
Not a jot, not a jot.
IAGOI’faith,I fear it has.
I hope you will consider what is spoke
Comes from mylove. But I do see you’re moved.
255I am to pray you not to strain my speech
To grosser issues nor to larger reach
Than to suspicion.
OTHELLOI will not.
IAGOShould you do so, my lord,
260My speech should fall into such vile success
Asmy thoughts aim not at.Cassio’s my worthy
My lord, I see you’re moved.
OTHELLONo, not much moved.
265I do not think but Desdemona’s honest.
Long live she so! And long live you to think so!
And yet, how nature erring from itself—
Ay, there’s the point. As, to be bold with you,
Not to affect many proposèd matches
270Of her own clime, complexion, and degree,
Whereto we see in all things nature tends—
Foh! One may smell in such a will most rank,
Foul disproportion,thoughts unnatural—
But pardon me—I do not in position
275Distinctly speak of her, though I may fear
Her will, recoiling to her better judgment,
May fall to match you with her country forms
And happily repent.



ACT 3. SC. 3

OTHELLOFarewell, farewell!
280If more thou dost perceive, let me know more.
Set on thy wife to observe. Leave me, Iago.
IAGO, beginningto exitMy lord, I take my leave.
Why did I marry? This honest creature doubtless
Sees and knows more, much more, than he unfolds.
IAGO, returning
285My lord, I would I might entreat your Honor
To scan this thing no farther. Leave it to time.
Although ’tis fit that Cassio have his place—
For sure he fills it up with great ability—
Yet, if you please to holdhim off awhile,
290You shall by that perceive him and his means.
Note if your lady strain his entertainment
With any strong or vehement importunity.
Much will be seen in that. In the meantime,
Let me be thought too busy in my fears—
295As worthy cause I have to fear I am—
And hold her free, I do beseech your Honor.
OTHELLOFear not my government.
IAGOI once more take my leave.He exits.
This fellow’s of exceeding honesty,
300And knows all qualitieswith a learnèd spirit
Of human dealings. If I do prove her haggard,
Though that her jesses were my dear heartstrings,
I’d whistle her off and let her down the wind
To prey at fortune. Haply, for I am black
305And have not those soft parts of conversation
That chamberers have, or for I am declined
Into the vale of years—yet that’s not much—
She’s gone, I am abused, and my relief
Must be to loathe her. O curse of marriage,
310That we can call these delicate creatures ours
And not their appetites! I had rather be a toad



ACT 3. SC. 3

And live upon the vapor of a dungeon
Than keep a corner in the thing I love
For others’ uses. Yet ’tis the plague ofgreat ones;
315Prerogatived are they less than the base.
’Tis destiny unshunnable, like death.
Even then this forkèd plague is fated to us
When we do quicken. Look where she comes.

Enter Desdemona and Emilia.

If she be false, heaven mocksitself!
320I’ll not believe ’t.
DESDEMONAHow now, my dear Othello?
Your dinner, and the generous islanders
By you invited, do attend your presence.
OTHELLOI am to blame.
325Why do you speak so faintly? Are you not well?
I have a pain upon my forehead, here.
Faith,that’s with watching. ’Twill away again.
Let me but bind it hard; within this hour
It will be well.
OTHELLO330Your napkin is too little.
Let it alone.Thehandkerchief falls, unnoticed.
Come, I’ll go in with you.
I am very sorry that you are not well.
Othelloand Desdemonaexit.
EMILIA, pickingup the handkerchief
I am glad I have found this napkin.
335This was her first remembrance from the Moor.
My wayward husband hath a hundred times
Wooed me to steal it. But she so loves the token
(For he conjured her she should ever keep it)
That she reserves it evermore about her



ACT 3. SC. 3

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340To kiss and talk to. I’ll have the work ta’en out
And give ’t Iago. What he will do with it
Heaven knows, not I.
I nothing but to please his fantasy.

Enter Iago.

IAGOHow now? What do you here alone?
345Do not you chide. I have a thing for you.
You have a thing for me? It is a common thing—
IAGOTo have a foolish wife.
O, is that all? What will you give me now
350For that same handkerchief?
IAGOWhat handkerchief?
EMILIAWhat handkerchief?
Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona,
That which so often you did bid me steal.
IAGO355Hast stol’n it from her?
No, faith,she let it drop by negligence,
And to th’ advantage I, being here, took ’t up.
Look, here ’tis.
IAGOA good wench! Give it me.
360What will you do with ’t, that you have been so
To have me filch it?
IAGO, snatchingitWhy, what is that to you?
If it be not for some purpose of import,
365Give ’t me again. Poor lady, she’ll run mad
When she shall lack it.

IAGOBe not acknown on ’t.
I have use for it. Go, leave me.Emilia exits.
I will in Cassio’s lodging lose this napkin
370And let him find it. Trifles light as air
Are to the jealous confirmations strong
As proofs of holy writ. This may do something.
[TheMoor already changes with my poison;]
Dangerous conceits are in their natures poisons,
375Which at the first are scarce found to distaste,
But with a little act upon the blood
Burn like the mines of sulfur.

Enter Othello.

I did say so.
Look where he comes. Not poppy nor mandragora
380Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world
Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep
Which thou owedst yesterday.
OTHELLOHa, ha, false to me?
Why, how now, general? No more of that!
385Avaunt! Begone! Thou hast set me on the rack.
I swear ’tis better to be much abused
Than but to know ’t a little.
IAGOHow now, my lord?
What sense had I ofher stol’n hours of lust?
390I saw ’t not, thought it not; it harmed not me.
I slept the next night well, fed well, was free and
I found not Cassio’s kisses on her lips.
He that is robbed, not wanting what is stol’n,
395Let him not know ’t, and he’s not robbed at all.
IAGOI am sorry to hear this.



ACT 3. SC. 3

I had been happy if the general camp,
Pioners and all, had tasted her sweet body,
So I had nothing known. O, now, forever
400Farewell the tranquil mind! Farewell content!
Farewell the plumèd troops and the big wars
That makes ambition virtue! O, farewell!
Farewell the neighing steed and the shrill trump,
The spirit-stirring drum, th’ ear-piercing fife,
405The royal banner, and all quality,
Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious war!
And O you mortal engines, whose rude throats
Th’ immortal Jove’s dread clamors counterfeit,
Farewell! Othello’s occupation’s gone!
IAGO410Is ’t possible, my lord?
Villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore!
Be sure of it. Give me the ocular proof,
Or, by the worth of mine eternal soul,
Thou hadst been better have been born a dog
415Than answer my waked wrath.
IAGOIs ’t come to this?
Make me to see ’t, or at the least so prove it
That the probation bear no hinge nor loop
To hang a doubt on, or woe upon thy life!
IAGO420My noble lord—
If thou dost slander her and torture me,
Never pray more. Abandon all remorse;
On horror’s head horrors accumulate;
Do deeds to make heaven weep, all Earth amazed;
425For nothing canst thou to damnation add
Greater than that.
IAGOO grace! O heaven forgive me!
Are you a man? Have you a soul or sense?



ACT 3. SC. 3

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God b’ wi’ you. Take mine office.—O wretched fool,
430That liv’stto make thine honesty a vice!—
O monstrous world! Take note, take note, O world:
To be direct and honest is not safe.—
I thank you for this profit, and from hence
I’ll love no friend, sith love breeds such offense.
OTHELLO435Nay, stay. Thou shouldst be honest.
I should be wise; for honesty’s a fool
And loses that it works for.
[OTHELLOBy the world,
I think my wife be honest and think she is not.
440I think that thou art just and think thou art not.
I’ll have some proof! Hername, that was as fresh
As Dian’s visage, is now begrimed and black
As mine own face. If there be cords, or knives,
Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams,
445I’ll not endure it. Would I were satisfied!]
I see you are eaten up with passion.
I do repent me that I put it to you.
You would be satisfied?
OTHELLOWould? Nay, and I will.
450And may; but how? How satisfied, my lord?
Would you, the supervisor,grossly gape on,
Behold her topped?
OTHELLODeath and damnation! O!
It were a tedious difficulty, I think,
455To bring them to that prospect. Damn them then
If ever mortal eyes do see them bolster
More than their own! What then? How then?
What shall I say? Where’s satisfaction?
It is impossible you should see this,
460Were they as prime as goats, as hot as monkeys,



ACT 3. SC. 3

As salt as wolves in pride, and fools as gross
As ignorance made drunk. But yet I say,
If imputation and strong circumstances
Which lead directly to the door of truth
465Will give you satisfaction, you might have ’t.
Give me a living reason she’s disloyal.
IAGOI do not like the office,
But sith I am entered in this cause so far,
Pricked to ’t by foolish honesty and love,
470I will go on. I lay with Cassio lately,
And being troubled with a raging tooth
I could not sleep. There are a kind of men
So loose of soul that in their sleeps will mutter
Their affairs. One of this kind is Cassio.
475In sleep I heard him say “Sweet Desdemona,
Let us be wary, let us hide our loves.”
And then, sir, would he gripe and wring my hand,
Cry “O sweet creature!” then kiss me hard,
As if he plucked up kisses by the roots
480That grew upon my lips; thenlaid his leg
O’er my thigh, and sighed,and kissed,and then
Cried“Cursèd fate that gave thee to the Moor!”
O monstrous! Monstrous!
IAGONay, this was but his
But this denoted a foregone conclusion.
’Tis a shrewd doubt, though it be but a dream.
And this may help to thicken other proofs
That do demonstrate thinly.
OTHELLO490I’ll tear her all to pieces.
Nay, butbe wise. Yet we see nothing done.



ACT 3. SC. 3

She may be honest yet. Tell me but this:
Have you not sometimes seen a handkerchief
Spotted with strawberries in your wife’s hand?
495I gave her such a one. ’Twas my first gift.
I know not that; but such a handkerchief—
I am sure it was your wife’s—did I today
See Cassio wipe his beard with.
OTHELLOIf it be that—
500If it be that, or any thatwas hers,
It speaks against her with the other proofs.
O, that the slave had forty thousand lives!
One is too poor, too weak for my revenge.
Now do I see ’tis true. Look here, Iago,
505All my fond love thus do I blow to heaven.
’Tis gone.
Arise, black vengeance, from the hollow hell!
Yield up, O love, thy crown and hearted throne
To tyrannous hate! Swell, bosom, with thy fraught,
510For ’tis of aspics’ tongues!
IAGOYet be content.
OTHELLOO, blood, blood, blood!
Patience, I say. Your mind perhapsmay change.
Never, [Iago. Like to the Pontic Sea,
515Whose icy current and compulsive course
Ne’er feelsretiring ebb, but keeps due on
To the Propontic and the Hellespont,
Even so my bloody thoughts, with violent pace
Shall ne’er look back, ne’er ebb to humble love,
520Till that a capable and wide revenge
Swallow them up.Hekneels.Now by yond marble



ACT 3. SC. 4

In the due reverence of a sacred vow,
I here engage my words.
IAGO525Do not rise yet.Iagokneels.
Witness, you ever-burning lights above,
You elements that clip us round about,
Witness that here Iago doth give up
The execution of his wit, hands, heart
530To wronged Othello’s service! Let him command,
And to obey shall be in me remorse,
What bloody business ever.Theyrise.
OTHELLOI greet thy love
Not with vain thanks but with acceptance
And will upon the instant put thee to ’t.
Within these three days let me hear thee say
That Cassio’s not alive.
IAGOMy friend is dead.
540’Tis done at your request. But let her live.
OTHELLODamn her, lewd minx! O, damn her, damn
Come, go with me apart. I will withdraw
To furnish me with some swift means of death
545For the fair devil. Now art thou my lieutenant.
IAGOI am your own forever.
They exit.

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What is the significance of Act 3 Scene 3 Othello? ›

In Act 3 Scene 3 Iago is able to plot a false sense of jealousy and thereby destroying Othello's relationship with Desdemona and making Othello want revenge over Desdemona and Cassio. Othello ponders his decision to kill Desdemona and this is partially motivated by revenge.

Where does Act 3 Scene 3 of Othello take place? ›

Cyprus. The garden of the castle. Enter Desdemona, Cassio, and Emilia.

What does Othello claim he wants at the end of Act III Scene III? ›

As Iago gleefully plots to plant the handkerchief in Cassio's room, Othello enters and flies into a rage at him. Othello declares that his soul is in torment, and that it would be better to be deceived completely than to suspect without proof. He demands that Iago bring him visual evidence that Desdemona is a whore.

What does Iago say to Othello about Cassio and Desdemona quote? ›

Act III scene III Iago says this to Othello when Othello is trying to get Iago to tell him that Cassio and Desdemona are cheaters. "But he that filches from me my good name/ Robs me of that which not enriches him / and makes me poor indeed."

How does Iago use repetition in Act 3 Scene 3? ›

Iago repeats what Othello is saying in order to produce the idea that he may be hiding something that he doesn't want to reveal. Iago introduces the idea that Othello may have something to be jealous about which plants a seed of doubt in his mind.

How does Iago drop hints in Act 3 Scene 3? ›

Iago keeps dropping uncomfortable hints, and finally, Othello demands to know what's bothering him. Iago says he'd rather not say, and then Othello presses him, and then Iago says he'd rather not say, and Othello presses.

What is the most important moment in Act 3 of Othello? ›

Emilia picks up the handkerchief that Desdemona has dropped. This becomes the critical point of the play as the handkerchief is utilized as a proof for an affair between Desdemona and Cassio.

What did Othello decide and command at the end of Scene III? ›

What did Othello decide and command at the end of scene 3? Desdemona was damned and Cassio would be killed in 3 days.

Does Emilia cheat on Iago? ›

The song makes Desdemona think about adultery, and she asks Emilia whether she would cheat on her husband “for all the world” (IV. iii. 62 ). Emilia says that she would not deceive her husband for jewels or rich clothes, but that the whole world is a huge prize and would outweigh the offense.

How does Othello feel about Iago at the end of Act 3? ›

His speech is fevered, sweeping and frantic; he believes that his wife has been unfaithful to him. Othello then turns on Iago with savage intensity and demands to see the proof of Desdemona's infidelity.

How does Iago manipulate Othello Act 3? ›

'' Iago convinces Othello that Cassio leaving right when Othello arrived indicates that he is guilty about something. Othello feels jealousy nagging at him when he sees Cassio talking to his wife and Iago helps inspire this jealousy.

What is Othello's tragic flaw? ›

Some say that Othello's tragic flaw was jealousy which flared at suspicion and rushed into action unchecked by calm common sense. A more modern interpretation would say that Othello's tragic flaw was that he had internalized, that is taken into himself, the prejudices of those who surrounded him.

What rhetorical devices does Iago use? ›

Iago uses many devices to put false accusations into Othello's head. In lines 330-447 in Act 3 scene 3, Iago uses rhetorical question, imagery, and sarcasm. He questions Othello and makes him think the worst between Cassio and Desdemona, and then his use of words adds color and a picture, so it has to be right.

How is imagery used in Othello? ›

Iago uses a lot of animal imagery to describe Othello. In Act 1 Scene 1, he calls him a 'Barbary horse' and an 'old black ram', using these images to make Desdemona's father angry and telling him that Othello and Desdemona 'are making the beast with two backs'. This continues in Iago's soliloquies.

How does Iago use language to manipulate? ›

He uses words to deceive and manipulate others to do his bidding or simply lead them to falsely believe something. Iago's use of words finally lead the death to the Moor who is his target and even several others in the end proving to be a dangerous weapon.

How did Iago manipulate Othello? ›

Iago skilfully exploits Othello through his dexterous use of words. While early in the action, Othello refuses to believe Iago's claims about Desdemona and Cassio, Iago manages to overpower Othello and deceive him. Iago's manipulation of Othello is effective through his expression of his words.

What does Iago call jealousy? ›

Iago's anthropomorphizing of jealousy as a “green-eyed monster” is famous, and his use of the color green stems from a Renaissance belief that green was a “bilious hue,” linked to an imbalance of the humors that caused fear and jealousy.

How does Iago manipulate Othello quotes? ›

This quote shows Iago's skill at psychological manipulation: he subtly plants a seed of doubt in Othello's mind, using the couple's own love as a weapon to increase the distrust between them. Strangle her in bed, even the bed she hath contaminated. (4.1.)

Who kills Emilia in Othello? ›

Iago repeatedly threatens her and tells her to be quiet, but Emilia insists that “I will speak as liberal as the north” (5.2.). Her insistence on speaking out costs her her life when Iago stabs her in desperation.

How does Othello change throughout Act 3? ›

From the beginning of Act3 Scene3 Othello changes dramatically. We see him go from madly in love with Desdemona, having absolute faith in her and trusting her completely, to doubting her loyalty and sweetness by believing Iago's stories. Iago has completely changed Othello's character from good to bad.

What scene does Othello get jealous? ›

Scene 3), meaning that his revenge will be both fun and fruitful. Iago is jealous of both Othello's success and the fact that Othello made Cassio a lieutenant.

How has Othello changed up to this point in the play? ›

Transformation of Othello's Character Traits

In Act four scene one, through manipulation, Iago influences Othello's views by building false images of Desdemona and Cassio in love. This leads to Othello's transformation from a wise and rational thinker to confused and collapsed.

Why did Othello hit Desdemona? ›

When Desdemona hears the news that she will be leaving Cyprus, she expresses her happiness, whereupon Othello strikes her. Lodovico is horrified by Othello's loss of self-control, and asks Othello to call back Desdemona, who has left the stage. Othello does so, only to accuse her of being a false and promiscuous woman.

Who had the handkerchief at the end of Act III? ›

Desdemona is panicked into lying: "It is not lost, but what an if it were?" (82) and tries to lead the conversation back to Cassio. Othello has caught her out. He repeats "the handkerchief" over her words, working himself up into a fury, and storms off.

Who slept with Iago's wife? ›

One of the reasons Iago gives for his hatred of Othello is the rumor that “'twixt my sheets he has done my office,” I surprisingly polite way for Iago to say that Othello slept with his (Iago's) wife, Emilia.

Who does Iago think slept with his wife? ›

At the end of Act I, scene iii, Iago says he thinks Othello may have slept with his wife, Emilia: “It is thought abroad that 'twixt my sheets / He has done my office” (I. iii. 369–370 ).

Is Iago in love with Desdemona? ›

Iago also mentions that he is attracted to Desdemona himself: “I do love her too” (2.1.). Neither of these reasons seem totally sufficient for just how much Iago hates Othello, and notably, he declines to answer when Othello asks him his motivation at the end of the play, saying only “Demand me nothing.

How does Iago make Othello jealous? ›

Here, Iago shares his plot to destroy Othello with the audience – since Othello is so gullible, Iago will lead him "by the nose," making Othello believe that his, Othello's, wife is having an affair with Cassio. Iago plans to plant the seeds of jealousy in Othello.

Why does Othello call Iago a villain? ›

Why does Othello call Iago a villain? Iago was the one telling him things that he did not want to hear. Iago is causing Othello to question Desdemona's loyalty. What is the point of Desdemona having a conversation with the clown?

What does Othello do when he finds out the truth about Iago? ›

Othello still clings to his belief in Iago's truth and Desdemona's guilt, mentioning the handkerchief and Cassio's “confession.” When Othello mentions the handkerchief, Emilia erupts, and Iago, no longer certain that he can keep his plots hidden, attempts to silence her with his sword.

How does Iago manipulate Desdemona in Act 3? ›

Iago convinces Othello that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair because of the examples he uses as proof such as when cassio ran off as he saw Othello near and how Cassio was talking in his sleep one night and saying "Sweet Desdemona, Let us be wary, let us hide our loves" and he would cry out "O sweet creature!" ...

What is Iago's plan in Act 3? ›

Iago's Conspiracy

At the end of Act 3, Scene 1, Iago reveals that he is going to ''devise a mean to draw the Moor / Out of the way'' so that Desdemona and Cassio, Othello's ex-lieutenant, can talk about a way to get Othello to like Cassio again.

How does Iago prove to Othello that Desdemona is unfaithful? ›

Iago's ability to manipulate people and convince Othello of Desdemona's infidelity is shown in Act III iii. Iago uses his knowledge and power in succeeding to convince Othello that his wife is having an affair with Michael Cassio.

Is Othello a hero or villain? ›

Othello is generally considered to be the protagonist of the play Othello, but throughout the story, he doesn't always play the role of “hero.” His life, just like his characterization, is far more complicated than that.

Who is the hero of Othello? ›

Iago as the Hero of Shakespeare's Othello

He is boisterous, egotistical, sometimes witty, and all too eager to seek revenge. In William Shakespeare Othello, Iago is the well-liked, trusted, and brave ensign of the great Venetian general Othello, or so it appears.

Who is a tragic hero in Othello? ›

Othello is a tragic hero because he is noble, he suffers from a fatal tragic flaw and he goes through a tragic downfall. All these traits that Othello exhibits lead him to be known as one of the most well-known tragic heroes in all of literature.

Why is the temptation scene so important? ›

This scene, often called the "temptation scene," is the most important scene in the entire play and one of the most well-known scenes in all drama. In it, Iago speaks carefully and at length with Othello and plants the seeds of suspicion and jealousy which eventually bring about the tragic events of the play.

What is the pivotal point for Othello from which his fate is sealed )? ›

It is not long after the turning point of the play that Othello's tragic fate is sealed. After demanding proof of his wife's affair, Iago is able to show him the handkerchief, obtained in Act 3 Scene 3, in the hands of Cassio.

How does Othello change throughout Act 3? ›

From the beginning of Act3 Scene3 Othello changes dramatically. We see him go from madly in love with Desdemona, having absolute faith in her and trusting her completely, to doubting her loyalty and sweetness by believing Iago's stories. Iago has completely changed Othello's character from good to bad.

What does Iago mean by the phrase green eyed monster? ›

Green-Eyed Monster: Meaning

Jealousy is a common human emotion that can make even the sanest person go crazy. In Act 3, Scene 3 of Othello, Iago, envious of Othello, warns him of the green eyed monster, meaning the jealousy that threatens to eat at him and drive him mad if he allows it to do so.

What did Othello decide and command at the end of Scene III? ›

What did Othello decide and command at the end of scene 3? Desdemona was damned and Cassio would be killed in 3 days.

What are the main themes in Othello? ›

Some of the major themes in this play include racial prejudice, manipulation, and jealousy. Specifically, Othello is regarded as a beast by other characters because he is black. Iago is jealous of Cassio because Othello promotes him to a higher military position.

What are the key scenes in Othello? ›

Gratiano brings news from Venice that Desdemona's father, Brabantio, has died from grief as a result of her marriage to Othello. Emilia confirms that she gave the handkerchief to Iago. Othello tries to kill Iago, who fatally stabs Emilia before escaping. The truth discovered, Othello mourns his innocent Desdemona.

Who is to blame for the downfall of Othello? ›

Iago has been to blame for the downfall of Othello because he is the one that created the jealousy within Othello. Iago started this because he was jealous of Othello because he was not made lieutenant, and Cassio was. Iago has been selfish and takes it upon himself to get revenge against Othello.

What was Othello's tragic flaw? ›

Some say that Othello's tragic flaw was jealousy which flared at suspicion and rushed into action unchecked by calm common sense. A more modern interpretation would say that Othello's tragic flaw was that he had internalized, that is taken into himself, the prejudices of those who surrounded him.

What led to Othello's downfall? ›

Othello's downfall is a result of Iago's psychotic scheming, motivated by his thirst for revenge and jealousy and the exploitation of Othello's trusting and confident nature. Shakespeare draws a relation between Othello and typical behaviour of hierarchy or people in power throughout his time.

How does Othello lose control? ›

Othello's control is stolen by Iago and, Iago's overbearing control of Othello's emotions causes chaos and absence of control until Lodovico arrives at the end of the story. At the beginning of the play, Othello is in control.

What is the climax in Othello? ›

ClimaxThe climax occurs at the end of Act III, scene iii, when Othello kneels with Iago and vows not to change course until he has achieved bloody revenge.

What type of language does Othello use? ›

Othello is written in blank verse and prose. Blank verse consists of unrhymed iambic pentameters, with five stressed syllables and five unstressed syllables to each line. Shakespeare uses this traditional form flexibly, however, varying the pace of his writing to achieve specific effects.

Why did Shakespeare use green-eyed monster? ›

Green was matched with envy and jealousy. Portia refers directly to 'green-eyed jealousy' and then, in the later play Othello, Shakespeare turns it into an even more visual idea, making it a monster, suggesting that it is powerful and dangerous. He adds the caution 'beware' to make it even more threatening.

Is green-Eyed monster a metaphor? ›

Jealousy: “Carl has really been bitten by the green-eyed monster; he gets jealous if his wife so much as talks to another man.” This metaphor was coined by William Shakespeare in his play Othello.

Is green the color of jealousy? ›

Green has a long history of symbolizing jealousy dating all the way back to the Ancient Greeks and Shakespeare. Yellow, a color similar to green, can also sometimes be a symbol of jealousy or envy.

oYu atnc idnf ttah tou, even if oyu dhel my rtahe in oury anhd oyu ldtcuno eamk me tlel yuo.. yMaeb eacsbeu Im kclab, nad I ntod vahe cein nersnma keli rcristoue do, or sbecaue Im titggne lbtuod taths not hhSmsecu gone, nda veI nbee taheecd on.. Geoobyd to hte reossh nad het tmupsert nad eth urdsm, het uftle dan the sidenldp rabsnen, adn all hotse orupd ypslsida adn tynagrepa of war!. oYu atnc idnf ttah tou, even if oyu dhel my rtahe in oury anhd oyu ldtcuno eamk me tlel yuo.. yMaeb eacsbeu Im kclab, nad I ntod vahe cein nersnma keli rcristoue do, or sbecaue Im titggne lbtuod taths not hhSmsecu gone, nda veI nbee taheecd on.. Geoobyd to hte reossh nad het tmupsert nad eth urdsm, het uftle dan the sidenldp rabsnen, adn all hotse orupd ypslsida adn tynagrepa of war!

In this article, you’ll find a short synopsis and a summary of act 3 scene 3 Othello, analysis of the scene, together with useful commentary about this part of Shakespeare’s play and its importance.. Iago tells Othello that he has seen Cassio using Desdemona’s handkerchief.. Emilia, not understanding her husband’s intentions, says that Iago is preoccupied with the matter “as if it was his.” Desdemona is fooled by Iago’s act too and calls him “honest fellow.” She also says that she always keeps her promise and asks Emilia to assure this.. As Cassio leaves, Iago makes a remark, “I like not that.” It’s the first time he openly tries to make Othello suspicious.. Cassio, Desdemona, Emilia, Othello, Iago. Throughout the scene, as Othello turns against Cassio and Desdemona, it will get confirmed.. The audience learns that Iago has asked her to steal the object many times before.. After Emilia exits the scene, the audience finally learns why Iago wanted the handkerchief.

‘You can be sure, good Cassio,’ Desdemona was saying, ‘I’ll do everything I can for you.’. ‘Don’t worry, Cassio, I’ll make sure that you and my husband are as friendly as you were.’. I’ll keep my eye on it and talk him to death.. ‘O beware, my lord, of jealousy!’ said Iago, and Othello turned back to face him again.. I’m not talking about proof yet, mind, but watch your wife – watch her closely with Cassio.. ‘I don’t like doing this,’ said Iago.. ‘But since I’ve gone so far, moved to it by my foolish honesty and love, I’ll tell you.. ‘I don’t know anything about that,’ said Iago.. Iago placed his hand on Othello’s head.

When the clown leaves, Iago enters and tells Cassio that he will send for Emilia straightaway and figure out a way to take Othello aside so that Cassio and Desdemona can confer privately.. After Iago exits, Emilia enters and tells Cassio that Othello and Desdemona have been discussing his case.. Desdemona has pleaded for Cassio, but Othello worries that Montano’s influence and popularity in Cyprus would make Cassio’s reappointment impractical, no matter how much Othello cares for his former lieutenant.. Desdemona has just vowed to do everything she can on Cassio’s behalf when Othello and Iago enter.. Othello asks whether it was Cassio he saw leaving the room, and Iago responds that surely Cassio would not behave like a guilty man at Othello’s approach.. Alone with Othello, Iago begins his insinuations of an affair between Cassio and Desdemona by reminding Othello that Cassio served as Othello and Desdemona’s go-between during their courtship.. Othello tells Iago to have Emilia watch Desdemona when she is with Cassio.. First, he tells Othello that while Cassio and Iago were sharing a bed, Cassio called out Desdemona’s name in his sleep, wrung Iago’s hand, kissed him hard on the lips, and threw his leg over Iago’s thigh.. For example, it takes only the slightest prompting on Iago’s part to put Othello into the proper frame of mind to be consumed by jealousy—Iago exploits Cassio’s discomfort upon seeing Othello by interpreting it as a sign of guilt.. Iago’s interpretation of Cassio’s exit, combined with Desdemona’s vigorous advocating on Cassio’s behalf, creates suspicion in Othello’s mind even before Iago prompts Othello.. Notably, Iago, too, has no evidence that Othello has slept with Emilia, but the suspicion or doubt seems to have been sufficient to make him spurn Emilia and persecute Othello.. Ironically, Iago doesn’t have to prove his own fidelity to Othello for Othello to take everything Iago suggests on faith.. On the contrary, Othello actually infers that Iago holds back more damning knowledge of Desdemona’s offenses out of his great love for Othello.

(Desdemona; Cassio; Emilia; Othello; Iago). Seeing Cassio leave, Iago mutters that he does not like this, but refuses to explain what he means to Othello; he insists that it cannot have been Cassio near Desdemona, since Cassio has no reason to look so guilty.. Desdemona comes and pesters Othello about Cassio, and the general finally promises to see Cassio when she pleases after she insists she’ll give him no peace until he does so.. Othello forces him to explain what he means, and though Iago repeats that this may only be his imagination, and warns the general against jealousy, he brings Othello to believe that Desdemona and Cassio may be having an affair.. So sure is Othello of Iago’s honesty that he credits his insinuations, though the sight of Desdemona leads him to doubt his own thoughts.. Desdemona returns to find her husband in a very different temper from when she last saw him; when he complains of a pain on his forehead (his cuckold’s horns), she offers to bind it with her handkerchief, but he dismisses it as too small.. The handkerchief falls to the floor, and Emilia picks it up, happy to have found it, since Iago has often asked her to steal it for him.. He claims, however, that he recently heard Cassio speak in his sleep as if to Desdemona, and Othello takes this as proof.. Be thou assur’d, good Cassio, I will do. I give thee warrant of thy place.. Farewell, my Desdemona, I’ll come to thee straight.. Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,. By heaven, I’ll know thy thoughts.

Desdemona criticizes such procrastination but he assures her he will do anything she wishes, and that he wishes to be left alone.. Left alone, Iago suggests that Cassio and Desdemona had an affair while Cassio acted as a messenger for the two during the time Othello courted his wife.. Love: The scene suggests that the love between Desdemona and Othello is not steadfast as was suggested earlier.. Appearance and reality: While Othello believes Cassio’s possession of the handkerchief is ‘occular proof’ of Desdemona’s betrayal, this is not the case.. However, there is no semblance of order present; the highest ranked individual in Cyprus (Montano) is recovering after being stabbed (which may be seen as a plot device to remove any possibility of order encroaching on the events of the play and also symbolic of chaos’ superiority in this world) while the individual with most influence from the group of outsiders, Othello, is as affected and invested in proceedings as all others, hurtling towards his tragic conclusion.. Now, when there is the suggestion that his wife is not faithful Othello believes it an attack on his lifestory, character and reputation which he prizes above all due to his self-obsessive nature; this can cited as the reason for his fierce response to Iago’s supposed revelations.. This scene is pivotal in the course of the play as a whole as Othello aligns himself with Iago rather than Desdemona, which is confirmed with a marriage ceremony of sorts to Iago; their kneeling resembles a position of both members during them marriage ceremony.. Convinced of his wife’s betrayal Othello enters into a union with another, however the irony is that what he believes he is departing from is actually what he is embracing (emphasized with Iago’s declaration of ‘I am your own forever’); Othello believes his wife is betraying, deceptive and distorts reality, whereas he is joining forces with the individual who is central to these forces in the world of the text, who will deceive and betray him further, while not allowing him any semblance of truth.. Elsewhere he focuses on issues such as Cassio’s flaws and the handkerchief, all of which arouse Othello’s suspicion further, which he knows the commander’s insecurity will increase; indeed, such is Iago’s accuracy with this method that Othello declare ‘Thou ecoest me, as if there was some monster in thy thought, too hideous to be shown.’ The reasoning for this method is to allow Iago to then condemn Desdemona through suspicion alone, as Cassio (the other element in the plan) has already suffered a fall; when Othello’s suspicion and insecurity is at a peak even mere doubt is sufficient evidence (this is made possible by Iago presenting himself as loyal with declarations such as ‘My lord, you know I love you’, which contrast with Desdemona’s supposed faithlessness), with the ‘occular proof’ willingly discarded as Iago asserts it is impossible (when it is not) and the supposed dream and Cassio’s possession of the handkerchief considered damning by Othello.

He plays on Othello's weakness, bringing out his fatal flaw of jealousy and making him believe that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair.. The scene I am focusing on is Act 3 Scene 3; this is the longest and most dramatic scene in the play.. I like not that" As this is the beginning of Iago's manipulation over Othello making Othello curious as to what Iago means and therefore making sure Iago has Othello's attention.. However, during Act 3 Scene 3 his language begins to change, it becomes more suspicious and begins to resemble Iago's language as he begins to use imagery.. This shows the previous scene to be ironic as it shows Othello checking the battlements, which is his public life, though it is his private life that is actually in danger.. If Iago did feel strongly about her, again his jealousy could take over and cause him to manipulate Othello.. In the play Shakespeare uses many dramatic devices in order to forward the story of the play.. This is because Othello takes Iago at face value and believes him to be an honest man, also because the problems Iago is inferring are all part of his insecurities.. He was already insecure as he was an outsider as a moor but in Venice he was needed so had some security as this was also where his and Desdemona's love developed.. This is believable because the language change has showed us that he is insecure.. What happens in Act 1, Scene 3 in Othello?. How many murders in Act 3 Scene 3 of Macbeth?

It focuses on Iagos words to Othello, O, beware, my lord, of Jealousy.. in act 3, scene 3 and just how important this warning was not only for Othello, but also for Roderigo and for Iago.. Later in act four, scene two, Roderigo is convinced by Iago to kill Cassio.. Most people do not think of jealousy as Iagos downfall, but in essence, jealousy has many negative effects on Iago.. This jealousy made Iago the villian or as was put in the play, the green-eyed monster.. Near the end of the first act, Iago explains to Roderigo that Othello and Desdemona will be undone by his wit.. Iago uses his wit, his scheming or cunning , to make Cassio lose his credibility in Othellos eyes, initially by coercing Cassio to lose control at the party and begin to fight.. The first being that Roderigo was unable to kill Cassio and the second being his wife, Emilia, who in the end can no longer keep quiet and lets Othello know that he has been deceived by Iago.. Of course, it is Iago who plants vivid pictures of Desdemona and Cassio sleeping together in Othellos head.. Othello tells Iago that he wants Iago to kill Cassio and that he will kill Desdemona.. At the end of the play, after Othello smothers Desdemona to death, it is brought to his attention that he was set up by Iago.. As jealousy is always growing, so does Shakespeare’s presentation of jealousy grow throughout the play.

OTHELLO What dost thou say, Iago?. OTHELLO Why of thy thought, Iago?. Iago asks fake-casual questions about Cassio, whom Othello says was often a go-between when he courted Desdemona.. Othello tells Iago that if he loves him, he'll say what's on his mind.. Othello assures Iago that he's a-okay, and Iago insists all of his speculations come from a place of love.. Although... Iago seizes on Othello's insecurity and says it was unnatural for Desdemona to reject all of the suitors who came from her country and shared her skin color in favor of Othello.. Acting regretful, Iago tells Othello not to think about it too much—it's probably nothing, he's probably overreacting, but just in case, Othello should keep an eye out for anything sketchy, especially anything like Desdemona seeming really keen on Cassio getting his position back.. Othello walks in during Iago's speech, and Iago gloats that none of the drugs in the world could make the man rest easy now that he's worried about his wife.. Othello talks about how torn he is—about Desdemona and about Iago.. Iago describes how difficult it would be to prove infidelity; would Othello like to see Desdemona and Cassio caught in the act?. Iago then painstakingly conjures an image of Desdemona and Cassio being passionate together like animals (specifically goats, monkeys, and wolves) and says Othello wouldn't like to see that, now would he?. Still playing innocent, and instructing Othello to be calm (which only fires his fury), he tells Othello he saw Cassio with Desdemona's special handkerchief.. OTHELLO Never, Iago.. Iago, hearing this, makes some paltry attempts to remind Othello that they've only got suspicions, but again, this only sharpens Othello's desire for revenge.

(Duke; First Senator; Second Senator; Officers; Sailor; First Messenger; Brabantio; Othello; Cassio; Iago; Roderigo; Desdemona; Attendants). Brabantio and Othello arrive; the Duke is glad to see Othello, who will lead the Venetian forces against the Turks, but Brabantio interrupts and insists on having his case against the Moor heard.. He insists that Desdemona has been bewitched, and the Duke promises immediate vengeance until he hears that the accused is Othello.. Othello is commanded to leave at once for Cyprus; when the men discuss where Desdemona should stay while he is away, the lady speaks up and asks permission to follow her newlywed husband to Cyprus.. Brabantio tells Othello not to trust Desdemona, since if she is capable of betraying her father, she could do the same to her husband.. Instead, Iago encourages him to disguise himself and follow them all to Cyprus, claiming that Desdemona will never put up with a black man for long, and that therefore Roderigo will have a chance at her when she gets bored with the novelty.. Enter Brabantio, Othello, Cassio, Iago, Roderigo, and Officers.. Put money in thy purse; follow thou the wars; defeat thy favor with an usurp’d beard.. It cannot be long that Desdemona should continue her love to the Moor—put money in thy purse—nor he his to her.. If sanctimony and a frail vow betwixt an erring barbarian and a super-subtle Venetian be not too hard for my wits and all the tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her; therefore make money.

This scene is crucial to the play, as it conveys the change in the moor, Othello’s personality as a result of Iago’s manipulation.In this essay I will describe this scene’s dramatic nature and significance with reference to language, themes and characterisation.. In conclusion, I shall relate the scene to the rest of the play, whilst discussing why it is dramatic with reference to the main themes portrayed, and its overall significance.Othello is a man of many complexities.. Yet, referred to as “noble Othello”, prior to Act Three, Scene Three, the character of Othello is revealed as a highly respected man.. This scene is well structured, showing the gradual decline of Othello’s character.. It is opened with a discussion between Cassio and Desdemona.. Iago also suggests that perhaps when Cassio was acting as a “messenger” between Othello and Desdemona, they too may have been forming a relationship.. Iago makes implications that Venetian women are promiscuous, calling Desdemona “virtuous”, and this worries the moor.By the end of their conversation, Othello is in fact begging Iago to tell him the fateful truth, but once again, Iago manipulates the situation, telling him it is “impossible.. This scene shows how the words of one man can turn pure love into passionate hatred.. Weakness and vulnerability are conveyed by Othello, Desdemona and Cassio in this scene as they are all subjected to Iago’s conspiracy.. It is because of this that it marks the change of a seemingly powerful man, and makes it a significantly dramatic turning point.

You do love my lord: 10You have known him long; and be you well assuredHe shall in strangeness stand no further offThan in a polite distance.CASSIO Ay, but, lady,That policy may either last so long,Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,Or breed itself so out of circumstance,That, I being absent and my place supplied,My general will forget my love and service.DESDEMONA Do not doubt that; before Emilia hereI give thee warrant of thy place: assure thee, 20If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform itTo the last article: my lord shall never rest;I'll watch him tame and talk him out of patience;His bed shall seem a school, his board a shrift;I'll intermingle every thing he doesWith Cassio's suit: therefore be merry, Cassio;For thy solicitor shall rather dieThan give thy cause away.EMILIA Madam, here comes my lord.CASSIO Madam, I'll take my leave.. I like not that.OTHELLO What dost thou say?IAGO Nothing, my lord: or if--I know not what.OTHELLO Was not that Cassio parted from my wife?IAGO Cassio, my lord!. Good love, call him back.OTHELLO Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other time.DESDEMONA But shall't be shortly?OTHELLO The sooner, sweet, for you.DESDEMONA Shall't be to-night at supper?OTHELLO No, not to-night.DESDEMONA To-morrow dinner, then?OTHELLO I shall not dine at home;I meet the captains at the citadel.DESDEMONA Why, then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday morn;On Tuesday noon, or night; on Wednesday morn: 60I prithee, name the time, but let it notExceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;And yet his trespass, in our common reason--Save that, they say, the wars must make examplesOut of their best--is not almost a faultTo incur a private cheque.. and when I love thee not,Chaos is come again.IAGO My noble lord--OTHELLO What dost thou say, Iago?IAGO Did Michael Cassio, when you woo'd my lady,Know of your love?OTHELLO He did, from first to last: why dost thou ask?IAGO But for a satisfaction of my thought;No further harm.OTHELLO Why of thy thought, Iago?IAGO I did not think he had been acquainted with her.OTHELLO O, yes; and went between us very oft.. ay, honest.IAGO My lord, for aught I know.OTHELLO What dost thou think?IAGO Think, my lord!OTHELLO Think, my lord!By heaven, he echoes me,As if there were some monster in his thoughtToo hideous to be shown.. 'And didst contract and purse thy brow together,As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brainSome horrible conceit: if thou dost love me,Show me thy thought.IAGO My lord, you know I love you.OTHELLO I think thou dost;And, for I know thou'rt full of love and honesty,And weigh'st thy words before thou givest them breath,Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more: 120For such things in a false disloyal knaveAre tricks of custom, but in a man that's justThey are close delations, working from the heartThat passion cannot rule.IAGO For Michael Cassio,I dare be sworn I think that he is honest.OTHELLO I think so too.IAGO Men should be what they seem;Or those that be not, would they might seem none!OTHELLO Certain, men should be what they seem.IAGO Why, then, I think Cassio's an honest man.OTHELLO Nay, yet there's more in this: 130I prithee, speak to me as to thy thinkings,As thou dost ruminate, and give thy worst of thoughtsThe worst of words.IAGO Good my lord, pardon me:Though I am bound to every act of duty,I am not bound to that all slaves are free to.Utter my thoughts?. who has a breast so pure,But some uncleanly apprehensionsKeep leets and law-days and in session sit 140With meditations lawful?OTHELLO Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,If thou but think'st him wrong'd and makest his earA stranger to thy thoughts.IAGO I do beseech you--Though I perchance am vicious in my guess,As, I confess, it is my nature's plagueTo spy into abuses, and oft my jealousyShapes faults that are not--that your wisdom yet,From one that so imperfectly conceits,Would take no notice, nor build yourself a trouble 150Out of his scattering and unsure observance.It were not for your quiet nor your good,Nor for my manhood, honesty, or wisdom,To let you know my thoughts.OTHELLO What dost thou mean?IAGO Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,Is the immediate jewel of their souls:Who steals my purse steals trash; 'tis something, nothing;'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands:But he that filches from me my good nameRobs me of that which not enriches him 160And makes me poor indeed.OTHELLO By heaven, I'll know thy thoughts.IAGO You cannot, if my heart were in your hand;Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody.OTHELLO Ha!IAGO O, beware, my lord, of jealousy;It is the green-eyed monster which doth mockThe meat it feeds on; that cuckold lives in blissWho, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;But, O, what damned minutes tells he o'erWho dotes, yet doubts, suspects, yet strongly loves!. I speak not yet of proof.Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio;Wear your eye thus, not jealous nor secure:I would not have your free and noble nature,Out of self-bounty, be abused; look to't: 200I know our country disposition well;In Venice they do let heaven see the pranksThey dare not show their husbands; their best conscienceIs not to leave't undone, but keep't unknown.OTHELLO Dost thou say so?IAGO She did deceive her father, marrying you;And when she seem'd to shake and fear your looks,She loved them most.OTHELLO And so she did.IAGO Why, go to then;She that, so young, could give out such a seeming,To seal her father's eyes up close as oak- 210He thought 'twas witchcraft--but I am much to blame;I humbly do beseech you of your pardonFor too much loving you.OTHELLO I am bound to thee for ever.IAGO I see this hath a little dash'd your spirits.OTHELLO Not a jot, not a jot.IAGO I' faith, I fear it has.I hope you will consider what is spokeComes from my love.. Othello's occupation's gone!IAGO Is't possible, my lord?OTHELLO Villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore,Be sure of it; give me the ocular proof: 360Or by the worth of man's eternal soul,Thou hadst been better have been born a dogThan answer my waked wrath!IAGO Is't come to this?OTHELLO Make me to see't; or, at the least, so prove it,That the probation bear no hinge nor loopTo hang a doubt on; or woe upon thy life!IAGO My noble lord,--OTHELLO If thou dost slander her and torture me,Never pray more; abandon all remorse;On horror's head horrors accumulate; 370Do deeds to make heaven weep, all earth amazed;For nothing canst thou to damnation addGreater than that.IAGO O grace!. Swell, bosom, with thy fraught,For 'tis of aspics' tongues!IAGO Yet be content.OTHELLO O, blood, blood, blood!IAGO Patience, I say; your mind perhaps may change.OTHELLO Never, Iago: Like to the Pontic sea,Whose icy current and compulsive courseNe'er feels retiring ebb, but keeps due onTo the Propontic and the Hellespont,Even so my bloody thoughts, with violent pace,Shall ne'er look back, ne'er ebb to humble love,Till that a capable and wide revenge 450Swallow them up.. Lectures on Othello : Play Construction and the Suffering and Murder of DesdemonaLectures on Othello : Othello's JealousyThe Moral Enigma of Shakespeare's Othello Othello as Tragic HeroStage History of OthelloOthello : Plot Summary Othello : Q & AQuotes from Othello. How to Pronounce the Names in Othello Iago Character IntroductionOthello Character IntroductionDesdemona Character IntroductionIago's Motives: The Relationship Between Othello and IagoShakespeare and Race: The Relationship Between Othello and Desdemona

Othello placed his hand on Lodovico’s back.. He’s told me to go to bed, and told me to dismiss you.’. Therefore, good Emilia, get me my night dress and goodnight.. She had a song about a willow, an old song, it was, and she died singing it.. For pity’s sake, who wouldn’t make her husband a cuckold to make him a monarch?. ‘Shame on me if I would do such a wrong for the whole world!’ cried Desdemona.. ‘Why, a wrong of that kind is only a wrong in the world, and getting the whole world for your trouble it would be a wrong in a world that’s your own and so you could very quickly make it right.’. And don’t we have desires, the need for fun, and aren’t we weak, just as men are?

A sailor interrupts the meeting to reveal that the Turkish fleet are directed towards Rhodes, also part of Venetian territory, however a senator declares this is a ruse as Cyprus is the more valuable island; a second interrupting messenger confirms this to be the case, revealing that the Turks have aligned with another fleet and now move towards Cyprus.. The group comprising of Brabanzio, Othello, Iago, Cassio, Roderigo and their officers then enter, with Brabanzio demanding that his case be prioritized as his daughter was stolen from him by witchcraft, emphasizing his despair by declaring that his grief ‘engluts and swallows other sorrows, and is still itself’.. The duke initially sympathizes with him but appears disbelieving of the story when Othello’s supposed part in it is revealed; Othello reveals he has married Desdemond but she grew infatuated with him of her own accord, when she heard of his life stories (such as the ‘Anthropophagi’) which Brabanzio asked him to tell him their family home, which caused her to fall in love when he retold them in full to her.. The duke declares that his own daughter would fall in love with Othello if she had the same experience and Desdemona then enters, confirming that she is most obedient to Othello (the duke asks who she is most obedient to), much to her father’s surprise, ‘My noble father… You are the lord of my duty,/ I am hitherto your daughter.. The duke decides it best for Othello to travel to Cyprus and defend it from the imminent Turkish invasion, which Othello agrees to if his wife can accompany him, for their marriage has only just begun.. While the duke is initially not agreeable, suggesting she stay with her father (which none of Desdemona, Othello or Brabanzio are agreeable to), he eventually concurs and declares she will stay with Iago until she can follow Othello to Cyprus.. Roderigo then departs, and the act concludes with Iago revealing through soliloquy that he hates Othello due to his belief that his commander slept with his wife Emilia and that he plans to steal Roderigo’s fortune, convince Othello that Cassio has slept with his wife and use his commander’s honest nature to bring about his downfall.. However, he still remains the most deceptive character, elaborating on his deception by revealing further parts of his plan to cheat people, such as stealing Roderigo’s money and causing the downfall of Cassio and Othello with the the lie of the former’s sexual relationship with Desdemona.. Desdemona has to come forward herself and declare allegiance to Othello for their marriage to be confirmed, while Othello reveals that his past played a part in the development of Desdemona’s love for him.. This suggests that love is not independent but affected by the world of the play, which is confirmed when considering Iago’s meddling and Roderigo’s attempt to buy a relationship earlier in the act.. Othello: As suggested earlier, Othello does have high standing in society, indicated by his being recognized before Brabanzio the Ventian senator when the group enter the court; this plays a part in the duke’s view on the matter, who is notably pleased to be addressed by Othello.. This however will prove problematic; while Iago will prosper due to his awareness of all that is happening around him, Othello will be disadvantaged in that he is only focused on himself and thus will react especially badly to unfavorably events, as he believes such are a direct attack on his character.. It may be seen that Iago, despite his flaws, is a a foil to Othello in that he is concerned with and aware of the world around him, which the titular character should be if he is to avoid falling prey to Iago’s machiavellian plan.

Cassio asks musicians to play for him as the clown enters.. Iago enters; Cassio tells him that he will ask his wife Emilia to help him get access to Desdemona.. Emilia enters and tells Cassio that Desdemona has been speaking in his favor but that Othello heard that the man he hurt was a great man of Cyprus and that that makes his position difficult but that he does love him and can’t find anyone else to suit the position.. Desdemona is with Cassio and Emilia.. Desdemona reassures Cassio by promising that she will speak favorably of Cassio relentlessly so that Othello will be convinced of his cause.. Othello asks if it was Cassio he just saw with his wife.. Desdemona tells Othello that she has just been speaking with Cassio and urges him to reconcile with the lieutenant.. As the ladies depart Iago asks if Cassio knew of the courtship between him and Desdemona, Othello affirms that he did and asks Iago why he asks questioning if Cassio is an honest man.. Then he explains that he knows his wife is honest but doubts her too.. Iago says “I am your own for ever.”


1. Othello Act 3 Scene 1-3 Urdu Short Summary In UrduHindi Othello Shakespeare Literature in Urdu-Hindi
(Literature In Urdu - Hindi)
2. Shakespeare in Amherst - Victoria Dickson, Jeff Goodhind & Liz Fox and Mike Kelly
(Emily Dickinson International Society)
3. Inside the Collection: "Othello and Desdemona"
4. ENCORES: Folger Theatre presents Shakespeare's "Love's Labor's Lost"
5. Jealousy in Othello
6. Othello: Act 2, Scene 3
(Arjun Raj)

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